Saltire Tattoos Appleton WI
Saltire Tattoo Designs - The Saltire, the flag of Scotland, also known as the Saint Andrew's Cross, is the oldest continuously used sovereign flag in the world. It consists of a white cross in the form of an 'X' on a blue background.
This national symbol goes back a long way, so it's natural that various legends of its origin should have been told over the centuries. What's generally agreed, however, is that around 832 AD, King Angus led his army of Picts (bolstered by a contingent of Scots) against the Northumbrians of England. Strategic miscalculations put the northerners in a vulnerable position. Fearing defeat when battle resumed in the morning, Angus and his men prayed to their saints for deliverance. St. Andrew appeared to Angus in a vision, promising victory.
The next day, combatants on both sides beheld a miracle in the heavens�a white saltire against the blue of the sky�the sign of St. Andrew. The Picts and the Scots became so animated that the Angles took flight, and their leader, Athelstan, was slain.
The Saltire design has been the national emblem of Scots ever since.
Saint Andrew came by his identifying sign in the worst possible way�crucified on a cross. The location was Greece, and the time was the first century A.D. Andrew refused to be crucified in the same manner as Jesus (so the story goes) because he felt unworthy, so he was crucified upside down on a crux decussata, or an 'X' cross. Legend has it that in 370 A.D., Andrew's remains were stolen 'for safekeeping' and secreted away to the ends of the earth. That turned out to be the east coast of Scotland, in a Pictish settlement that would later become the town of St. Andrews.
By parliamentary decree in the 14th century, the emblem was worn by Scottish soldiers so they could be identified in battle. The earliest surviving Saltire flag dates from 1503.
The white and blue Saltire is one of the three crosses that together make up the 'Union Jack', the flag of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. (The other two crosses are St George's Cross, representing England and Wales, and St Patrick's Cross, representing Ireland.)
Numerous flags are inspired by the Saltire, most of them with Scottish or Russian connections, since Saint Andrew is also the national patron saint of Russia. The naval ensign of the Imperial Russian navy (1696-1917 and 1991to present) is a blue Saltire on a white field.
The Royal Scots Navy (prior to the Union) used a red ensign incorporating the St. Andrew's Cross. This ensign is now sometimes flown as part of an unofficial civil ensign in Scottish waters. The blue Saltire on white design is featured on the Coat of Arms of the Canadian province of Nova Scotia, although it employs a lighter shade of blue. The flags of the Spanish island of Tenerife and the Colombian islands of San Andr�s and Providencia, also use a white Saltire on a blue field.
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